“We have a big problem in the medical world today. I think of it as the Carpenter Problem, because it reminds me of that old saying—when all you have is a hammer, everything looks like a nail. That’s the way most doctors treat their patients. We have a few tools—and by golly, we’re going to use them. Even when they are ill-suited to the task at hand. In fact, a new study just published in JAMAfound that we chronically over-diagnose a number of maladies, leading to millions of unnecessary and potentially harmful treatments every year. That’s a breathtaking number. It’s no wonder medical malpractice is such a hot topic. In today’s environment, it’s very important to know when you’re in danger of being over-diagnosed, and over-treated. And knowing what your alternatives are could save you a world of pain and heartache.” – by Leigh Erin Connealy, M.D.